A logic model is a chart that describes how your effort or initiative is supposed to work and explains why your intervention is a good solution to the problem at hand. Effective logic models depict the activities that will bring about change and the results you expect to see in your community. A logic model keeps program planners moving in the same direction by providing a common language and point of reference.
Logic models may be used for various purposes (e.g., program planning, implementation, evaluation) and can feature different elements (e.g., inputs, activities, outputs, outcomes).
Use the information you gathered in Step 1 and Step 2 of the SPF to develop a community-level logic model that links local problems, related intervening variables, evidence-based strategies, and anticipated outcomes. Your logic model should include the following categories:
- Problem statement (for BSAS initiatives, this is taken from the RFR [Request for Response])
- Brief description of the local manifestation of the problem (can be quantitative, qualitative, or both)
- Intervening variable(s) (the biological, social, environmental, and economic factors that research has shown to be related to substance use and consequences of use, including risk and protective factors)
- Strategies (programs, policies, and/or practices to address the problem, and specifically the intervening variable; these should be evidenced-based, with measurable outputs—e.g., number of advertisements placed, sessions conducted, persons trained)
- Target group
- Outputs (the extent to which the strategies are being implemented as planned)
- Expected outcomes (short-term, intermediate, and long-term)
Further guidance on developing a logic model, including a template and a completed example, is provided here.